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ecoPHASER process


Multi-stage biomass or waste conversion technology
The ecoPHASER’s biomass or waste to energy conversion process is a multi-stage system, comprising a bio-gasification generator and high-temperature sonic standing wave pulse burner. This 12MW modular system, with continuous 24-hour operational capacity, can easily be scaled up to meet any increased biomass or waste influx or changes in local energy demand.

Step 1: Biomass or Waste Preparation

Biomass or waste is delivered to ecoPHASER cogeneration plant for energy extraction. In the case of municipal solid waste, an effective front-end separation system initially removes recyclables and unwanted items, including brick and stone. Operators manually discard large and unwanted items for custom stripping and salvage. Any toxic, explosive, or suspicious items are removed and dealt with appropriately.

Two flail mills then blend the municipal solid waste. The first mill reduces it to shards from which remaining ferrous items are extracted for recycling. A second mill further reduces the shards, from which aluminum, glass, cement, pottery, and brick are then removed.

After all non-hydrocarbon content has been withdrawn, the remaining combustible plastics and biomass are blended into a homogenous fuel using augur mixers, before entering the energy conversion system.

In the case of mono-fuels, the biomass is fed directly into the ecoPHASER Waste-to-Energy conversion system.

Step 2: Energy Conversion

The ecoPHASER energy conversion process comprises solid-to-liquid-suspension (superheated steam) and solidto-gas-phase reactors which are placed in arrays, each fitted to a sonic pulse burner (“the ecoPHASER system”).

1. Bio or Waste -Gasification

In the bio and waste-gasification stage, the biomass/waste is fed into a thermal sublimation reactor, which converts the solid fuel under starved air (sub-stoichiometric) conditions, so that it releases a combustible gas mixture: a syngas or producer gas. This process reduces the volume of the solid fuel by 98 percent and produces a minimal 2 percent ash residue which can be used in concrete products.

2. Syngas Ignition


A sonic standing wave-pulse burner adds a swirled vortex of pressurized air to burn the producer gas with a radiant flame. This process ensures the complete burn-out of particulate matter and reaches temperatures that are sufficiently high to break down hydrocarbons and gases into elemental gases. However, it uniquely disrupts their recombination, resulting in near zero nitrous oxide and sulfur oxide emissions.

3. Heat Extraction


The heat generated in the ignition process is extracted into the firebox; a temperature-controlled thermal reservoir, from where the heat (now without hot spots) is radiated evenly into the heat transfer chambers. This heat extraction system – through a corrosion resistant closed-circuit water boiler system with a super heater, reheater and economizer – generates steam for the subsequent 2-phase power turbine generators.

Step 3: Power Generation

The pressurized steam from the heat extraction system drives cascading turbines, which, in turn, drive electricity generators, converting steam into electrical energy for the power grid or other users. Any residual steam is condensed to water. The water is filtered and treated for re-use.

GASSIFICATON


Sustainable energy from garbage ,plant and tree waste
The 12 MW ecoPHASER waste-to-energy (W2E) combined heat and power (CHP) generation station converts biomass into electric power through gasification. This technology is one of the most environmentally-friendly and efficient systems in today’s waste management and electricity generation market. The plant generates clean electricity, with negligible GHG emissions, with no airborne pollution, and no ground contamination.

Gasification

Gasification is a flexible and reliable clean energy technology that can turn various low-value feedstocks (including garbage) into high-value products. It helps reduce dependence on (imported) oil and natural gas and offers a sustaclean alternative source of baseload electricity, fertilizers, fuels, and chemicals. Gasification is a manufacturing process that recovers the energy that is contained in any carbon-based material, including coal, petcoke, or biomass.

ecoPHASER

The ecoPHASER is a highly efficient biomass gasification technology that uses a phase transition thermal sublimation reactor for the generation of clean synthetic gas from biomass. The process involves a front-end separation system that removes unwanted and recyclable materials from the feedstock for gasification, rendering the process more efficient than other systems currently on the market

Technology

The ecoPHASER ‘s unique biomassto- energy conversion process is a multi-stage system, that comprises bio-gasification in a sub-stoichiometric thermal sublimation primary chamber and second-stage syngas ignition using a high-temperature sonic standing wave pulse burner. A closed-circuit heat extraction system of boilers and subsequent 2-phase cascading turbines are used generate clean electricity.

Waste

In addition to clean energy generation, gasification offers a complete and permanent waste management and disposal solution. ecoPHASER sustainably reduces waste volumes by up to 98%, yielding the remaining 2% in pozzolanic ash which can be used in concrete products.

Plant Design

Feedstock volume requirements depend on feedstock type (MSW or monofuel) and its composition and specification variances, which are used to determine thermal yield, throughput volume, efficiency, and combustion gas quality. Each plant requires a custom-designed system that mitigates any potential performance detractors.


Performance


Superior energy generation and emissions performance
The ecoPHASER is one of the most environmentally-friendly and efficient systems in today’s waste management and electricity generation market. The proprietary technology and processes of the ecoPHASER Waste-to-Energy (W2E) system yield results and benefits that establish the ecoPHASER as a top performer in its class of waste-to-energy through gasification. Gasification technology is the most effective and clean waste-to-electricity technology currently available.

Waste Management

The ecoPHASER process reduces biomass or garbage volumes by 98%. Only 2% of waste introduced into the system emerges at the end of the process, rendered to ash. This ash can safely be used in concrete products.

ecoPHASER ‘s conversion system can process municipal waste for 24 hours per day, 7 days a week, during a 30 to 40-year lifespan. The recommended annual downtime for maintenance purposes is 24 days (nonconsecutive).

Energy Generation

The ecoPHASER system efficiently generates energy, with low internal consumption needs. Unlike most waste fuel systems, ecoPHASER was designed for economical energy production, not simply waste volume reduction.

The proprietary conversion process ensures maximum extraction, up to 85%, of energy contained in waste.

Emissions Performance

With a hot, clean gasification process that requires minimal secondary scrubbing, ecoPHASER performs well below stringent environmental standards. It is one of the cleanest systems on the market.

Even fuel oxidation avoids silicon and clinker formation and dioxin and furans emissions. The sonic burner’s efficient particle burn-out results in negligeable particulate emissions. ecoPHASER’s pulse burner eliminates nitrous oxide and noxious greenhouse gas emissions.

Competing Technologies

The ecoPHASER is uniquely effective and efficient in biomass or waste-toelectricity. One other gasification technology is comparably suitable for the generation of waste energy: plasma gasification. The ecoPHASER gasification system easily outperforms the best-in-class plasma gasification system in many regards, including emissions levels and energy extraction.

Emissions (per m3 of exhaust)

EcoPHASER

plasma
Nitrous Oxides In Exhaust <3 mg <13 mg
Particulate Matter 10 < micron <1 mg <9 mg
Particulate Matter 2.5 micron <1 mg unknown
Dioxins and Furans Nil 0.01 mg
Carbon Monooxide Nil 34 mg
Suphur Dioxide Nil 37 mg

BENEFITS


socio-economic and environmental benefits of ecoPHASER
Founded by industry veterans, CESGI specializes in the development of power stations that are engineered to be highly efficient energy generators. ecoPHASER exceeds environmental guidelines with a hot, clean gasification process that requires minimal secondary scrubbing and is one of the most environmentally friendly power stations on the market today. With multiple revenue streams, ecoPHASER offers a great return while doing good.

Environment

• offers sustainable renewable energy source and    clean suitable fossil fuel substitute
• negligible harmful emissions into the atmosphere    (i.e. furans, dioxins, and particulates)
•full cementitious encapsulation of heavy metals    and aggregate or glass shards
• negligible greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions into    the atmosphere
• sustainable, permanent waste management &    disposal solution
• avoids landfill expansion and possible related GHG    emissions, leaching, and wildlife habitat reduction
• salvages recyclables, helping to avoid new    resource extraction

Economy

• supports local economic development with    permanent jobs and energy security
• provides constant, reliable, year-round clean    energy
• preferred choice for remote offthe-grid projects or    communities with unwanted waste

Health & Welfare

• avoids particulate pollution linked to aggravated    respiratory illness
• avoids landfill expansion and associated noise    pollution and odours
• avoids visibility loss and aesthetic damage from    particle pollution

Performance

• maximum utilization of energy contained in waste    (extracts up to 85%)
• low internal energy use for efficient energy    generation
• 98% reduction of waste volume • no need for    tail-gas scrubbers due to clean syngas burning

Revenue Streams

• sustainable clean electricity
• surfeit (excess) heat
• recyclables salvaged from waste
• pozzolanic ash for concrete
• carbon credits


TECHNICAL FACT SHEET


Overview of 12MW Power Plant technical specifications

Waste to energy plant overview

Technology origin Canada
Technology type Gasification -- combined heat and power (CHP) waste to energy (W2E) cogeneration plant
Construction timeline 20 months

Configuration

Capacity per ecoPHASER module 80 MBtu (84.4 GJ)
# of modules required 2 ecoPHASER modules
Power generation capacity (net) 12 MWe/hour
Internal energy consumption 0.5 MWe/hour
Generation period 335.8 days/year
Maintenance downtime 29.2 days/year (nonconsecutive)
Project area & building footprint Area: up to 12 acres. Building footprint: 48,000 sq ft.

Performance Capacity

Gross biomass processing capacity Average: 250 tonnes/day. Project-specific calculations required.
Power generation capacity (net total) 12 MWe/hour
Annual energy generation 96.7 GWe/year
Generation voltage 13,800
Harmful emissions near zero (>0% NOx)
Combined cycle extraction efficiency up to 85% energy extraction
Biomass volume reduction up to 98% volume reduction (2% pozzolanic ash)
Plant lifespan 30 years

WASTE MANEGEMENT REPORT


CESGI has the inhouse expertise to control and manage Indigenous Personnel to develop the data required for each Waste Management Report using our team along with local expertise from the Business sector and Municipality.

Each report will contain the following data:
Location and treatment/collection/disposal of garbage How many kilos of garbage are produced per person per day in each city
Whether it is accumulated in garbage dumps
Whether it is subject to indigenous gleaning
How it is collected, if by municipality, method and distances involved, If collected by municipality, how is it organized?
Storage of garbage dump or engineered sanitary landfill, Whether there is treatment of the garbage

CESGI can devise a strategic plan for each municipality for sorting locations,
• sorting methodology,
• percentage of possible saleable salvage,
• viability of revenue generating uses, e.g. landfill gas production for heat uses and carbon dioxide sequestration
• the number of indigenous sorters that could be employed from salvage revenues and
• whether waste can be used for fuel, salvage, plastic recovery, oil production.

Each heading will be evaluated for potential economic impact.
Each of the reports will understandably be different - due to local considerations, political, terrain and numbers of gleaners that could be trained as sorters, or later to become waste to energy personnel.
We will attempt in each city or strategic district (in the larger cities) to give an estimate of the socio-economic benefits of each method of treatment recommended for each case.
The economics of garbage collection including fuel usage, people power costs, facilities costs, provincial subsidy, sale of gleaned salvage recyclables and uses of MSW as fuel to produce heat power and pozzolanic ash, (for high strength concrete), will be considered, estimated and advised in each case.
The overall waste reduction for each case will be estimated, along with the number of small industries that can be created from modern waste gleaning and treatment, how each will contribute to regional wellbeing, - and a general idea of how each region can be safeguarded from leachate water contamination.
Thus, the primary focus of each study will be related to the evaluation of MSW for conversion to Power for the requested cities. We may find that some of the garbage is not suitable for Power due to its energy content.


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